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High blood pressure or high blood pressure causes, symptoms and remedies

 High blood pressure or high blood pressure causes, symptoms, and remedies

Nowadays high blood pressure or high blood pressure is a sad name but a known problem. Many people are affected by this complaint. Both treatment and prevention are important because it can lead to colorful physical complications, indeed unexpected death. So it is important to know the details about this complaint.

  • The topics that were discussed
  • What is high blood pressure?
  • Causes of high blood pressure:
  • Laziness or apathy
  • Random eating habits
  • Diabetes and high blood pressure
  • Complications of high blood pressure:
  • Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure
  • Medicines:

What is high blood pressure?
When a person’s blood pressure is often above normal, it is called hypertension. More specifically, when a person has a heart rate or systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or above 140 in both arms, or a heart rate or diastolic pressure of 90 mmHg or above 90, they may be said to have high blood pressure. High blood pressure often has no early symptoms. This is the scariest aspect of high blood pressure. Although the patient often has no symptoms, silent high blood pressure can damage different parts of the body. Uncontrolled and untreated high blood pressure can lead to serious physical complications.
Causes of high blood pressure:
Most patients do not know the exact cause of high blood pressure, but older people usually have high blood pressure. Factors that increase the risk of high blood pressure are: being overweight or obese, eating too much salt, too much work pressure, alcohol, family size, too much noise and living in a shabby and crowded environment. Of these, high salt intake is often attributed to the fact that table salt contains sodium, which increases water content in the blood. As a result blood volume and pressure increases. It is estimated that about 70% of patients suffer from high blood pressure due to high salt intake. There may also be many other reasons, viz


smoking
Excessive smoking can cause heart disease including arterial and venous disease and high blood pressure in response to various toxins in tobacco.
Heredity: High blood pressure has a hereditary tendency, if a parent has high blood pressure, the child is also at risk.
Laziness or apathy
Without enough exercise and physical activity, body weight can increase. This requires extra work of the heart. So people who are overweight or obese have high blood pressure.
Random eating habits
Eating foods high in fat such as meat, butter and deep fried foods can lead to weight gain. Increases blood cholesterol in egg yolk and liver and brain. Excess cholesterol in the blood makes the walls of blood vessels thick and hard. This increases the chances of high blood pressure.
Diabetes and high blood pressure
As people with diabetes age, hypertension increases. Also, they may have blindness and various kidney diseases. Excessive anger, excitement, fear and stress can also temporarily raise blood pressure. If this stress continues and the patient is unable to cope with the increasing stress, this high blood pressure can become permanent.


Complications of high blood pressure:
High blood pressure causes severe damage to various parts of the body. It mainly damages the heart. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can weaken the heart muscle. Then the weak heart cannot pump blood properly and this condition is called heart failure. Narrowing of blood vessels can lead to heart attack or infarction. High blood pressure can cause kidney damage and stroke, which can lead to death. In addition, retinal hemorrhages can cause blindness. However, among these complications, heart attack is the most common cause of death.
Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure
It is possible to reduce the risk of high blood pressure by making dietary or lifestyle changes. Hereditary hypertension cannot be reduced. However, in such cases, more attention should be paid to the factors that can be controlled


1) The most important thing is to avoid excess salt in vegetables and not to take salt in leaves.

 
2) Eat foods that are low in fat and low in cholesterol. Such as Khasi or beef, liver, brain, swallow, eggs should be eaten less. Low-fat foods and skim milk, unsaturated fats such as soybean, canola, corn oil or sunflower oil can be consumed. It is better to eat more fiber foods. It is good to eat flour bread and semolina in moderation.
3) Lose weight at any cost. Eating should be controlled and exercise should be done regularly. Once you reach your goal weight, you should continue to eat moderately and exercise. It is better not to try to lose weight by taking medicine, it is very risky. It is better not to take weight loss medicine without doctor’s advice.

4) Avoid smoking. Avoid contact with smokers. Tobacco leaves, jorda, rose plants etc. should be avoided. Alcohol should be avoided.

 
5) You have to work in moderation. You cannot sit idly by. Walking in the morning and evening, jogging if possible, light exercise, using the stairs instead of taking the elevator, etc. will reduce the risk of high blood pressure.

6) Those who have diabetes must keep it under control. Cope with mental and physical stress. Regular rest, and timely sleep, rest the body from excessive fatigue. Peace of mind will be more by doing your hobbies etc.

Medicines:
If the above measures are taken properly and one’s high blood pressure is not under control then one must take medicine under the doctor’s advice. There are many medications to control blood pressure known as anti-hypertensives that lower blood pressure. A reduction in blood pressure of 5-6 mm reduces the risk of stroke by about 40%, the risk of coronary heart disease by about 15-20% and also reduces the risk of heart failure. Commonly used drugs include betablockers, such as metoprolol, atenolol, labetalol, carvedilol, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) such as losartan, valsartan, irbesartan; Alpha blockers, such as terazosin and prazosin.
These drugs bring blood pressure down to 140/90 or more. Each drug can individually reduce systolic pressure by 5-10 mmHg. Therefore, more than one medication may be needed to control blood pressure. However, no medicine should be taken without a doctor’s advice.

Many patients stop taking medication once blood pressure is under control. Thinking that blood pressure is good, then what is the need to take medicine? This idea is completely wrong. Under no circumstances should the medication be stopped without a doctor’s advice. Many people express reluctance to take medication despite knowing that they have high blood pressure. Such patients are more prone to sudden heart attack or even death. Therefore, regular medicine consumption and examination and doctor’s advice should be taken.


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